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Aphrodisias / Stauroupolis

Author(s) : IBR , Ragia Efi (10/10/2003)
Translation : Koutras Nikolaos

For citation: IBR , Ragia Efi, "Aphrodisias / Stauroupolis ",
Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor
URL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=7697>

Αφροδισιάς / Σταυρούπολις (Βυζάντιο) (3/27/2008 v.1) Aphrodisias / Stauroupolis  (5/13/2008 v.1) 



In ancient Roman architecture a large oblong type building used as hall of justice and public meeting place. The roman basilica served as a model for early Christian churches.

cursus publicus
Byzantine empire: the service of the public post (office), "δρόμος", dispached into carrying the official correspondence as well as articles concerning the administering of the empire, but also applied to the military and the provincial administration. Two departments, manned with slaves, performed the duty: the cursus velox, that used horses, and the cursus clabularis, that used ox carts. Ocasionaly the cooperation of individual entrepreneur was in effect. Under Justinian I (527-565) the department of the cursus clabularis was abolished. The department of the cursus velox was abolished in the 12th c. in Asia Minor and soon after in the Balcans as well. The office was administered by the Curiosus Cursus Publici Praesentalis under the Magister Officiorum, the logothetes tou dromou (λογοθέτης του δρόμου) and in the end by an interpeteur (ερμηνευτής).

An important institution that the Byzantine cities inherited from their Roman past. In Constantinople and other cities of the Empire, the demoi were organized supporters of teams of the Hippodrome, while they also functioned as guilds promoting various causes. The most important demoi were the Greens (Prasinoi), the Blues (Venetoi), the Reds (Rhoussioi) and the Whites (Leukoi).

Middle - Late byzantine era: an official of the fiscal service, whose jurisdiction applied to a certain territory.

A characteristic element of Byzantine architecture. The dome is a hemispherical vault on a circular wall (drum) usually pierced by windows. The domed church emerges in the Early Byzantine years and its various types gradually prevail, while they are expanded in the Balkans and in Russia.

(lat. curator) A functionary of the Byzantine state administration or a city magistrate, he was manager of public or private foundations as well as of imperial estates.

logothesion genikon
A bureau of the central administration with responsibilities over the economy of the Empire. The chief of the bureau, the logothetes tou genikou, was responsible for the economic administration of the Byzantine state.

notary (lat. notarius)
An official who registered transactions and certified documents.

Notitia episcopatuum
The Notitiae episcopatuum are official documents of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and Antioch, containing the ecclesiastical dioceses in hierarchical order.These documents were modfied regularly.

pater civitatis
(lat., mean. the Father of the City). An office dating to the Late Antiqity and Early Byzantine years. It was an office of local civil administration and designates a magistrate whose responsibility was the restoration and maintenance of the city.

The Principate is the first period of the Roman Empire, beginning with the monocracy of Augustus (r. 27 BC - AD 14) and extending the 3rd century and the crisis that brought about the Tetrarchy of Diocletian. The Roman Emperors of the Principate strived to preserve the illusion of the formal continuance of the Roman Republic.

A Byzantine term that signifies wide military and administrative units under the administration of a strategos (general). The institution was consolidated in the 7th century and was characteristic for the organization and the division of Byzantine Empire at the Middle Byzantine period. The term applies also to the army unit that resided in each administrative unit and was staffed by farmer-soldiers. The thematic system was maintained until the end of Byzantine period. However, in the Later Byzantine period it was used in order to declare mostly tax units.


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