Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Administrative Reformation by Diocletian

Administrative Reformation by Diocletian (26/1/2006 v.1) Διοικητική Μεταρρύθμιση του Διοκλητιανού (14/10/2005 v.1)

Diocletian introduced a series of reforms that affected the Empire as a whole. He established the tetrarchy and reorganised the provinces, introducing the system of the dioceses. He increased bureaucracy; he also attempted to contain inflation by issuing new coins and imposing new limits to the price of products; he also imposed limitations to the ability of professional advancement or of changing one’s place of residence.



Archaic Tyranny in Asia Minor

Archaic Tyranny in Asia Minor (15/2/2006 v.1) Τυραννία Αρχαϊκή στη Μ. Ασία (14/10/2005 v.1)

Archaic tyranny in Asia Minor was a rather similar phenomenon to Archaic tyranny in continental Greece, that is the result of a permanent competition between the strongest aristocrats —even if one cannot forget that the Persian presence was an influent actor of this aristocratic game, which could have weighted a lot in the political balance.



Army of Agesilaos

Army of Agesilaos (1/3/2007 v.1) Στρατός του Αγησιλάου (1/3/2007 v.1)

During his campaign in Asia, Agesilaos commanded a motley and multiethnic, yet battle-worthy, army numbering between 15,000 and 20,000 men. The original lack of cavalry was successfully dealt with by recruiting new men and allying with Asian rulers, although the shortage in siege engines and naval forces proved a serious impediment that prevented the achievement of permanent results.




Asiarch (25/1/2006 v.1) Ασιάρχης (14/10/2005 v.1)

The Asiarch was one of the most important officials in the Koinon of Asia. Many different opinions have been expressed regarding his own and his spouse’s responsibilities, as well as his relation to the archiereus.



Concordia (cult)

Concordia (cult)  (8/2/2006 v.1) Ομόνοια (14/10/2005 v.1)

Concordia-Homonoia as a personified deity is found since the late 4th cent. BC in several places of the Greek world. The adoration of this deity in Asia Minor dates from the 3rd and 2nd cent. BC. During the Imperial period we have the minting of thousands of coins in cities of Asia Minor bearing the inscription ΟΜΟΝΟΙΑ on the reverse. Statues of the personified deity were set up in many cities. It formed an integral part of the imperial cult and was called Concordia Augusta. Her priests were...



Delian League

Delian League - to be assigned Συμμαχία της Δήλου - to be assigned


Diocletian and New Order

Diocletian and New Order (26/1/2006 v.1) Διοκλητιανός και Νέα Τάξη (14/10/2005 v.1)

One of the most important developments during Diocletian’s reign was the degradation of senators for the benefit of a new class of highly proficient courtiers and state officials. But the result was an extremely bureaucratic system of administration, which burdened heavily the state budget.



Dorian Pentapolis

Dorian Pentapolis - to be assigned Δωρική Πεντάπολις - to be assigned



Eirenarch (3/3/2008 v.1) Ειρήναρχος (3/3/2008 v.1)

Title given to officials assigned with the task of maintaining public order in Asia Minor cities towards the late 1st c. AD. The eirenarchs (guardians of peace) belonged mainly to the upper social classes. Apart from the title of eirenarch, they were also given the offices of agoranomos, strategos and first archon, while various benefactions were included in their activities as well. Assuming the specific office was part of their career in the public sector.



Exercise of Power in Asia Minor during the Roman Period

Exercise of Power in Asia Minor during the Roman Period (3/3/2008 v.1) Τρόποι άσκησης εξουσίας στη Μικρά Ασία κατά τη Ρωμαϊκή Περίοδο (3/3/2008 v.1)

Roman power consists of a ruler’s ability to issue decrees which the inhabitants of an area are obliged to obey. This power is exercised on various levels, its main carrier being the emperor. The province of Asia is governed by officials responsible for social regularity, the observance of law and the requisite payment of taxes to the Roman state in the context of an explicit legislative framework. The cities of Asia Minor retain their political structure but are not free to pursue independent...