Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Asia Minor FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Aeolis, Archaic Sculpture

Aeolis, Archaic Sculpture (19/1/2006 v.1) Αιολίς, Αρχαϊκή Πλαστική (14/10/2005 v.1)

Although the archaic sculpture of Aeolis is not thoroughly investigated, it seems that the region had developed its own, original style, which was expressed in both architecture and pottery as well as in toreutic art. The centres of production were Myrina, Cyme, Pitane and Lesbos and this form of sculpture was closely connected with the archaic sculpture of northern Ionia, while it influenced the sculpture of both mainland Greece and Magna Graecia.



Aphrodisias (Antiquity), Late Roman Sculptured Portraits

Aphrodisias (Antiquity), Late Roman Sculptured Portraits - to be assigned Αφροδισιάς (Αρχαιότητα), Υστερορωμαϊκά Πορτρέτα (14/10/2005 v.1)


Aphrodisias (Antiquity), Mosaics

Aphrodisias (Antiquity), Mosaics  (25/1/2006 v.1) Αφροδισιάς (Αρχαιότητα), Ψηφιδωτά (14/10/2005 v.1)

A large number of Roman mosaics have been unearthed in situ at Aphrodisias. They were crafted following the opus sectile and opus tessellatum techniques. These mosaics incorporate mainly non-representational geometric themes, although they do include some pictorial representations, repeating earlier motifs found in other areas of the Roman world.



Aphrodisias (Antiquity), Roman Sculpture

Aphrodisias (Antiquity), Roman Sculpture (25/1/2006 v.1) Αφροδισιάς (Αρχαιότητα), Ρωμαϊκή Πλαστική (14/10/2005 v.1)

One of the best known sculpture schools of the Roman period flourished in Aphrodisias. Works from the city’s artistic workshops found themselves scattered in various parts of the Roman Empire. The most characteristic of these decorated the public buildings of the city such as the theatre, the porticoes of the agora and the Sebasteion. In the production of portrait busts, the school of Aphrodisias is distinguishable for its chronological continuation and duration, from the end of the 1st century...



Aphrodite of Cnidus

Aphrodite of Cnidus (14/10/2005 v.1) Αφροδίτη της Κνίδου (25/1/2007 v.1)

Aphrodite of Cnidus is a marble statue of Aphrodite made by the Athenian sculptor Praxiteles around 360 BC, purchased by the Cnidians and set up at Cnidus. Its legend lived on long after its destruction by fire in the 5th c. AD.



Archaic painting in Asia Minor

Archaic painting in Asia Minor - to be assigned Αρχαϊκή ζωγραφική στη Μ. Ασία (14/10/2005 v.1)


Artemis of Ephesus (Statue)

Artemis of Ephesus (Statue) (25/1/2006 v.1) Άρτεμις Εφεσία (Άγαλμα) (14/10/2005 v.1)

The statue of Artemis of Ephesus was the most brilliant devotional statue in the eastern Mediterranean in the Hellenistic and Roman period. About 100 full-relief or half-relief replicas as well as numerous representations on coins and plentiful references in ancient sources have survived. However, little is known about the shape of the original archaic statue created by the famous sculptor Endius, according to tradition, in the mid-6th century.




Aulos (25/1/2006 v.1) Αυλός (14/10/2005 v.1)

The aulos was imported possibly from Asia Minor. It appears as the invention of Hyagnis from Phrygia or of the goddess Athena. It was always played in pairs. It remains unknown whether both auloi played the same melody. With the improvements made by the Theban school in the 5th century BC the aulos could produce all harmonies. It required virtuous playing by professionals. Many types of aulos have been recorded. It was an essential part of all social gatherings but did not form part of the...




Barbitos (24/1/2006 v.1) Βάρβιτος - has not been published yet

The barbitos was a stringed instrument related to the common lyre but with longer necks and deeper tonality. It is found mainly in Athenian art around 520 BC, but it is considered as an instrument which originated in Asia Minor and is connected with the lyrical poets of Ionia and Lesbos.



Bithynia, Hellenistic Sculpture

Bithynia, Hellenistic Sculpture - to be assigned Βιθυνία, Ελληνιστική Πλαστική - to be assigned